This is the archive site of the NIIC SB RAS.
The information on this site is not up to date.
The current website of the NIIC SB RAS is available here:


Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry

Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences



A method is developed for obtaining blue pigment of ultramarine type; the method involves soft sulphidation of the white clay from the Obskoy open pit with the addition of sodium carbonate and protection of the mixture from oxidation, provided with the use of carbon of coke.

The white clay of the Obskoy pit contains aluminium and silicon in the ratio close to that of the sodalite cell of ultramarine Na8,5Al6Si8O28S4,5, so it is sufficient to introduce sodium carbonate and sulphur into the mixture, in addition to the clay. The mixture is subjected to thermal treatment in ceramic crucibles and electric furnaces. The treatment results in the formation of a blue pigment, which can be used as a commercial product after grinding, washing from excess sodium salt, and drying.

Technical and economical advantages

The white clay used contains only insignificant iron admixture, so the washing with acidic solutions is excluded; the technology is ecologically safer.

The process of obtaining ultramarine is made cheaper due to a 4-5-fold decrease in sulphur content, as well as due to a decrease in the process temperature.

Application areas

The ultramarine is used in food industry, varnish-and-paint, ceramic, glass industry; it is also used to make coloured concrete, cement, plastics, and to manufacture aqueous dispersion paints.

Stage of development and place of usage

Technical specifications for obtaining the pigment under laboratory conditions have been developed.

Experimental lots have been manufactures and passed for tests in paving slab.

The technology is being tested at the Novosibirsk Ceramic Product Plant; in case of investment, large-scale production of the pigment is possible.

Patent situation

Patent is granted in 2001 in Russian Federation.

Commercial proposals

  • Delivery of pigment in small lots is possible under agreements.
  • Creation of the joint venture. Sale of licenses.

Approximate cost

The price of pigment is US$ 2-3 per kg for a ton-scale production (at the level of iron oxide pigments).


Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry SB RAS
Acad. Lavrentyev ave., 3, Novosibirsk, Russia, 630090
Scientific secretary of Institute
Gerasko Olga Anatolievna, Doctor of chemical sciences
Phone: +7(383) 330-94-86
+7(383) 330-94-89
Web-page: http://www.niic.nsc.ru/en/